TIJUANA, BC-OCTOBER 26, 2015: A “pollero”, also known as a “coyote,” watches the Border
Patrol’s whereabouts from the Mexican side of the United States border and provides guidance via phone to those attempting to cross to the north. In recent years, increasing
numbers of citizens, including unaccompanied minors from Central American countries, fleeing from extreme violence have tried to enter the United States before qualifying for
refugee status that would allow them to settle legally but can be extremely difficult and time consuming to obtain.